A dentist explains the risks of not wearing rubber over braces!

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Last updated September 7, 2022


Doctor, the rubber banding of the braces is very troublesome.
It stands out when I open my mouth and I don't want to...


Hmmm, many of us certainly find it hard to rubber-hang.
But if you don't do it, your teeth and bite may not be properly aligned.

This time,I will talk about the risks that can occur if you don't wear rubber over your braces!

What is the rubber banding of the braces for?


Orthodontic rubber banding is done by hooking a small rubber band onto the wires of the upper and lower teeth or a cut in the mouthpiece.


  • Improved appearance and bite function
  • Adjustment of the final stage of orthodontic treatment

It is used for such purposes as

Improved appearance and bite function

By applying a vertical force with rubber to the upper and lower dentition,It improves protruding teeth by pulling the upper front teeth toward the back teeth, and it improves the lower jaw by pulling back the lower jaw to improve a passive mouth.

It is also used to bring upper and lower teeth that are not meshing together into a bite, and depending on the position and direction of the rubber band, it can have a variety of orthodontic effects.

Adjustment of the final stage of orthodontic treatment

In the final stages of correction,When you want to make fine adjustments by applying pinpoint force to teeth or areas that could not be moved by wire or mouthpiece alone.It is also used for

Risk of not rubber banding the braces.

Straightening Rubberized

I need to rubberband my braces,There is a risk that the teeth and bite will not be aligned as planned.

For example,

  • Bucktooth and front teeth not pulled back much
  • Poor healing of the passive mouth.
  • Upper and lower teeth do not bite tightly

and other factors that may result in unsatisfactory tooth alignment without rubber covering.

In the worst case, the bite may worsen due to an imbalance of forces with the wire,Causing the treatment period to increase.Note that the

Four rubberized patterns of straightening


There are four basic patterns of elastic application of braces

  • Class 2 rubber
  • 3 class rubber
  • cross-rubber
  • Vertical Rubber

Depending on the case and the direction of the teeth to be moved, the dentist will give instructions on how to apply the rubber band.

In addition to the four basic patterns, the chin and midsection(*) may also be aligned by applying the elastic so that the two elastics are diagonally parallel or by unevenly positioning the left and right elastic hangers.

*Line of center of upper and lower teeth

Class 2 rubber

Class 2 is a dental term for "bucktooth". (For more details, there are different classes, such as Class 1 and Class 2.)

The second class elastic is by applying the elastic diagonally around the canine (third tooth from the front) of the upper front teeth and the back teeth of the lower teeth on each side,

Improves protruding teeth by retracting the upper front teeth and bringing the lower jaw forwardI will do so.

3 class rubber

Grade 3 is the dental term for a "passive mouth".

The third class elastic is by applying the elastic diagonally around the canines of the lower teeth on each side and the upper back teeth on each side,Lowering the lower jaw back to improve the passive mouthI will do so.


Crossed rubbers are used when there is a "crossbite," in which the upper and lower teeth are partially in opposition to each other when biting.

Rubber on the inside of the upper teeth and on the outside of the lower teeth, for example,Improve crossbite by applying a rubber across the chewing surfaceI will do so.

Vertical Rubber

Vertical rubbers are used in cases of "open bite," where the front teeth do not bite together when biting, or when biting the back teeth together.

By applying the elastic vertically,The upper and lower teeth can be brought down vertically to induce biting.

Rubberized Straightening Q&A

Straightening Rubberized

Here are answers to the three most frequently asked questions about elastic application of braces!

  • Duration of use of rubber gloves
  • rubber-stamping pain
  • Frequency of replacement of rubber gloves

How long should I use a rubber band during orthodontic treatment?

How long should a rubber band be used during orthodontic treatment?Several months to several years, depending on the case.

  • Who need only a few months in the final stages of finishing.
  • Those who need it from the relatively early stages of orthodontic treatment all the way through to the end of orthodontic treatment.
  • People who don't need to be rubberized at all.

and so on, depending on the alignment of your teeth and your bite, so follow your dentist's instructions.

How long does it hurt to wear rubber braces?

The rubber glove applies force to the teeth, just as a wire or mouthpiece would move the teeth,The pain may be felt for 2 to 3 days.

It usually settles down after a week or so at most, but if the rubber is off for a long time,There is a possibility of prolonged pain when the rubber is put on.

How often should I change the rubber coverings on my braces?

The rubber of the braces is,At least one replacement per day is recommended.It is.

If the same elastic is used for more than 24 hours, the elastic will stretch and not apply the proper force.

If the elastic breaks during use, or if you feel that the elastic has stretched when you remove it for a meal, replace it with a new one.

Key to effective rubber hanging

Straightening Rubberized

To make the rubber hangers effective, keep the following in mind

  • Observe rubber wearing time.
  • Ensure that it is applied to the supported location while looking in the mirror.
  • Keep a spare set of rubbers with you when you go out.

Observe rubber wearing time.

The rubber is often supported to be worn for approximately 20 hours, except for eating and brushing teeth.

Observe the wearing time as supported.

Failure to adhere to the wearing time will prevent the teeth from moving as planned.

Ensure that it is applied to the supported location while looking in the mirror.

Rubber is looking in the mirror,Make sure that the elastic is properly applied to the hook of the wire or the cut of the mouthpiece at the supported location.

If the rubber latch is applied in the wrong place, the teeth will not move as the dentist thought they would.

Keep a spare set of rubbers with you when you go out.

When out and about,Carry a spare set of rubbers with you.

The elastic may break at any moment, or it may stretch and become loose due to the force of opening and closing the mouth.

Follow the instructions and apply the elastic on the braces properly.

Straightening Rubberized

Orthodontic rubber braces are necessary to align the teeth and bite.

If you are supported to wear an elastic band, do so properly, observing the position and time of application.

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If you have any concerns about your oral care, please feel free to come visit us!

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n10g4rn9 l03ypdEdkwpnkGLSbrpzM1zEliFJxqwjryrSAB25AeORlOrnS5iKK nUYXrnh9jZas1Ze40WJvxRSr4iXtJ365dentist General Supervisor Dentist/Yukiko Katsuya 

Graduated from Nagasaki University School of Dentistry, ~2018 Kyushu Medical Center, 2018-present Working at a dental clinic in Tokyo

UyRZkXPjQvAn5BK9ai6vfhAEgYGCePrS3Id158EZKuev 2TIlSXaZPkxY9dJ 3vCTCm7hqIEw6AzmlpdiuMD8H 9aD01UftplKrgMtn7dmYeSupervisor: Dentist/Naomi

After completing clinical training, worked in cosmetic dentistry in Tokyo. Currently a dentist and dental writer.


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